ʻO ka hapa nui o nā keiki me ka dyslexia a me ka dysorthography hōʻike i nā pilikia phonological i hōʻike ʻia e ka paʻakikī ma ka hoʻōla a me ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana i nā kūmole kani a me ka pilina ma waena o phoneme a me ka grapheme.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻoiai ke pili pono ana ka ʻōlelo a me ke aʻo ʻana, aia nō nā keiki me ka maʻi ʻolelo i hiki ke kākau ʻole ʻole. No ke aha mai?

Ma ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻōlelo a me ke aʻo ʻana ʻehā mau hiʻohiʻona nui:


  • Hōʻike ʻokoʻa ke ʻano hoʻohālike kumu (Tallal [1]): aia kekahi hemahema kumu e hōʻike iā ia iho me he maʻi ʻōlelo (inā koʻikoʻi) a me nā maʻi aʻo (inā akahai). Hiki iā ia ke like ka hakahaka e hōʻike like iā ia iho ma kahi o ka manawa.
  • ʻElua hiʻohiʻona ʻelua (ʻĀpana [2]): nā maʻi like ʻole e hōʻike like ʻole, akā ua loaʻa hoʻi kahi maʻi ʻuhane i ka pae o ka ʻōlelo o ka waha.
  • ʻO ke kumu hoʻohālikelike (Nā catts [3]): nā mai o nā maʻi he ʻelua mai nā ʻano like ʻole ʻelua, kahi hanana like ʻole
  • ʻ deflelo hoʻohālike nui (Pennington [4]): Hoʻokomo ʻia nā haunaele e nā kumu he nui, a he ʻāpana kekahi

ʻOiai nā mea ʻaʻole i kākoʻo i kahi ala frankly multidimensional e ʻike i ka hele ʻana o nā mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka ʻōlelo a me ka aʻo. Bishop, 2 he laʻana, hōʻike no ka inoa wikiwiki (RAN) hiki i ke kuleana pale mai ka dislexia i nā keiki me ka pilikia o ka ʻōlelo, ʻo ia nō, hiki iā ia ke lanakila i kekahi mau linguistic pilikia ma o ka wikiwiki o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka RAN hiki i nā mākaukau i komo i ka RAN, akā e hoʻomau nā manaʻo.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo kahi puke Lūkini ka hana o ka ʻike phonological a me RAN i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka ʻōlelo a me ka ʻaloi aʻoaʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke aʻo

Ua noi ʻia ke aʻo ʻana 149 keiki Lūkini makahiki ma waena o 10 a 14 mau makahiki. ʻO ka hui hoʻokolohua ʻia he 18 mau keiki me ka maʻi wale nō ma ka ʻōlelo, 13 me nā pilikia kākau, a me 11 me ka pilikia o ka ʻōlelo a me nā pilikia paʻakikī.

  • No ka loiloi ʻana i ka puke e haʻi ai i ka puke i ʻōlelo ʻia mai ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻana mai ka mea i ʻole ka manaʻo no ka hōʻike kumu ʻole ma ka ʻōlelo Lūkini
  • No ka loiloi ʻana o ka kākau inoa i hoʻohana ʻia i nā hua ʻōlelo he 56
  • Ua mālama ʻia nō hoʻi nā hōʻike ʻike loilo ʻole
  • ʻO nā hoʻokolohua ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka ʻike phonological a me ka morphological i lawelawe, a me kahi hōʻike hoʻokūkū ʻole huaʻōlelo
  • ʻAe, ke ana ʻia ka hana ma kahi hana wikiwiki

Nā hopena

Kekahi mea kupaianaha i kū mai nei no ka hoʻokele ʻana mai i nā hoʻokololei:

  • ʻO ka wale 42% o nā kamaliʻi me nā ʻōlelo noho ʻana he pono nā koi no ka maʻi ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi
  • ʻO ka wale 31% o nā keiki dysorthographic i koi ʻia nā koi no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka maʻi ʻōlelo.

ʻO nā keiki me ka pilikia ma ka kākau ʻana, hōʻike i nā pilikia i ka ʻike ma ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻana i ka paʻi, morphological a me phonological a me ke ka inoa wikiwiki. ʻO nā keiki me ka maʻi ʻōlelo wale nō i hōʻike i nā pilikia i loko o ka ʻike phonological, ma ka lawe wikiwiki ʻana i nā leka a ma kēlā mau kala. Akā, ʻo ka hui like ʻana, hōʻike ʻia nā pilikia i nā hana āpau.

Mai ka nānā ʻana o nā paʻi cognitive, ʻoiai nā pilikia ma ka ʻike phonological a me ka wikiwiki ʻana i ka inoa o nā leka i like me nā hui ʻelua, aia nā ʻano ʻokoʻa no kēlā me kēia.

  • ʻ disorderlelo ka maʻi: a ʻoi aku ka lono a me ka pololei ke haʻi ʻana i nā kala (ʻoiai ke ʻano o kēia ʻano e ke ʻano o nā ʻōlelo Lūkini)
  • Kākoʻo palapala: ʻoi aku nā helu a me nā kala o ka denomination, a me ka hōʻemi o ka pololei i ka hoʻi ʻana o nā huaʻōlelo a me nā ʻike orthographic a phonological.

hopena a

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ʻoiai aia kekahi mau ʻāpana o kēia noiʻi e hoʻohuli ʻia ma ka ʻōlelo Italia, e hele ana nā hopena i kahi hiʻohiʻona multidimensional. ^ E Ha yM. Hoʻohui maikaʻi loa ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻōlelo a me ka kākau, akā ʻaʻole naʻe ma ka mua o ka wānana ʻana i ka lua e hoʻomaka mai ka mua. Nui nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻopili maikaʻi, maikaʻi a maikaʻi ʻole, i ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ka ʻoihana hoʻokūkū pololei. E like me nā manawa a pau, pono ia ʻike a pili i ka nui o nā mea loiloi loiloi e hoʻomaopopo i nā mea i hiki ke wehewehe i nā pilikia i hōʻike ʻia i ke kula.

Makemake ʻoe e:

Hoʻomaka ka hana pākuʻi a hoʻopaʻa i ka Enter e huli

kikowaena: Maʻiʻo ua hoomaluia !!
ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka ʻikeKa hana a me ka ʻike phonological