Dorta, bepre, buolo… Hiki iā lākou ke noʻonoʻo ʻia hakahaka pōʻino o ka ʻōlelo, a i ʻole nā ​​huaʻōlelo i hiki ke loaʻa i ke ʻano ma ka ʻōlelo ʻItalia, akā ʻaʻohe o ia mea no ka mea, i loko o nā kenekulia, ʻaʻohe mea nāna i hāʻawi iā lākou. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole maopopo ia ʻaʻohe o lākou manaʻo i kēia ma kahi ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka ʻōlelo Italia (a i ʻole i ka ʻōlelo kūloko) a i ʻole loaʻa iā lākou i ka wā e hiki mai ana. No kēia kumu ua wehewehe ʻia lākou ma ke ʻano he huaʻōlelo ʻole (i ka English pseudowords)

ʻO kahi mea nui, a ma kekahi mau ʻano kontroversial, ke ʻano o ia mau huaʻōlelo ʻole i hoʻohana mau ʻia i ka heluhelu heluhelu ʻana nā phonotaxis o ka ʻōlelo Italia. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, inā ʻaʻole ia he huaʻōlelo Italia, no ka mea paha ia mahalo lākou i ke kaʻina o nā leo a me nā consonants kūpono i kā mākou ʻōlelo. E lawe mākou i kā mākou, no ka laʻana Hoʻoulu mea ʻole ʻōlelo a hoʻonohonoho mākou i kahi hanana (ex: CV-CVC-CV). Me kēlā me kēia kaomi e loaʻa iā mākou kekahi mau huaʻōlelo ʻole: zefalfi, lidetre, gupeka. E like me kāu e ʻike ai, mahalo lākou i nā lula āpau o ka hoʻohui Italia. I ka pōkole, ʻaʻole e loaʻa iā mākou nā huaʻōlelo e like me: qalohke a i ʻole puxaxda.

ʻO ke kumu o ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o nā huaʻōlelo ʻole, i ka heluhelu ʻana a me ke kākau ʻana, ua ʻae lākou iā mākou e noiʻi i ka mea i kapa ʻia ala hele leo, ʻo ia ka mīkini e ʻae iā mākou e decode i nā "ʻāpana" o kēlā me kēia huaʻōlelo a hoʻohuli iā lākou, liʻiliʻi iki, i mau graphemes (i ke ʻano o ke kākau ʻana) a i mau kani paha (i ka manawa o ka heluhelu ʻana me ka leo nui). ʻO ke ala phonological kahi ala kūpono loa i ka heluhelu ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo haole a ʻike ʻole ʻia paha, akā ua lohi loa ia no nā huaʻōlelo a mākou i ʻike ai (ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, heluhelu mākou i kēia mau huaʻōlelo "me ka nānā wale" ma ka hoʻoulu ʻana i ka mea i kapa ʻia ma o ka leksical). Mai ka hoʻohālikelike ma waena o ke ala phonological a me ke ala lexical hiki ke hana i nā kuhiakau i ke alo a i ʻole ka loaʻa ʻole o dislexia i kahi keiki a makua paha.


ʻO kekahi kumu kūpono no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo ʻole ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe o lākou i ka ʻōlelo ʻItalia, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻoi aku lākou he "kūleʻa" no ka loiloi o nā keiki, ʻōpio a me nā mākua. ka mea ʻōlelo ʻole Italia me L1. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, paʻakikī e manaʻo e hiki i kahi keikikāne liʻiliʻi ke hōʻike i ka ʻ Italiankālia ke hiki ke heluhelu koke i nā huaʻōlelo e like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia iā lākou i mau makahiki, ʻoiai ke manaʻo ʻia he hiki ʻole i nā huaʻōlelo ʻole ke hoʻohilahila i nā mea ʻelua, e like me ka mea e pono ai. e hou no nā mea ʻelua. Akā he ʻoiaʻiʻo anei ia?

ʻOiaʻiʻo aia ma ka liʻiliʻi ʻelua ʻano koʻikoʻi e kuhikuhi pololei ana i ka mea a mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua.

  • ʻO kahi huaʻōlelo ʻole, no nā mea āpau a me nā kumu, he huaʻōlelo ʻole a pono e decode i kona holoʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā huaʻōlelo ʻole āpau a mākou i kākau ai i ka hoʻomaka o kēia ʻatikala (dorta, bepre, buolo) ua like loa lākou me nā huaʻōlelo i kū i ka Italia (puka, hare, maikaʻi a lepo paha); hiki iā mākou ke hōʻoia i ka decode ʻole o ka huaʻōlelo i kāna decode holoʻokoʻa? Heluhelu ʻia ka huaʻōlelo "tamente" a me ka huaʻōlelo "lurisfo" me ka wikiwiki like a i ʻole ʻo ka mea mua i hoʻopili ʻia i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hope -mente i hoʻohana ʻia me ka pinepine pinepine i ka ʻōlelo Italia? Ma kēia manaʻo mākou e ʻōlelo nei no "like-huaʻōlelo”O nā huaʻōlelo ʻole: haku ʻia lākou i nā huaʻōlelo, akā i kekahi manawa nui loa - nui loa - like me nā huaʻōlelo maoli. Hiki i kēia ke hoʻopōmaikaʻi i ka mea heluhelu ʻōiwi Italia ma luna o ka poʻe i hōʻike maka ʻole ʻia a hiki ke hoʻoulu hapa i ke ala lexical (kahi a mākou e makemake ai e hōʻalo). ʻO ka mea makua, no ka laʻana, manaʻo wau iā lākou he hōʻailona nui loa nā huaʻōlelo dis-dis pākahiko BDA 16-30.
  • ʻO nā huaʻōlelo ʻole i hoʻohana ʻia i ka loiloi o ka heluhelu e mahalo ana i ka phonotaxis o ʻItalia a ʻaʻole, no ka laʻana, ka ʻōlelo Norewai a Kelemania paha. Hiki i kēia hanana ke hāʻawi i kahi mea heluhelu Italia i kahi mea ʻoi aku ma mua o kahi Norewai a i ʻole Kelemania, a no laila e haʻalele i ka neutrality o nā huaʻōlelo ʻole.

ʻOiai kēia mau palena, hoʻohana nui ʻia nā huaʻōlelo ʻole i ka loiloi a me ka mālama ʻana i ke ala phonological i ka heluhelu a kākau ʻana paha, i nā keiki a me nā mākua. I ka mahele hope, nā noiʻi a Professor Basso, ka mea i manaʻo i ka ʻaʻole nā ​​huaʻōlelo e like me ke ʻano hana e hōʻoia i ka hana ʻana ma ke ala phonological. Mai ka ʻike pilikino, eia naʻe, ua loaʻa iaʻu nā pilikia he nui i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā hana mau loa ma nā huaʻōlelo ʻole, ʻoiai no ka mea paʻakikī ka poʻe aphasic i kekahi manawa e ʻike i ke ola a i ʻole ʻole o kahi huaʻōlelo, a ʻo ka hana ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo i haku ʻia e manaʻo ʻia he kumu o ka huikau a me ka hoʻonele manawa. ʻO ka nui o nā mea maʻi, ʻoiaʻiʻo, kaomi e hoʻihoʻi i nā huaʻōlelo e kū nei, a ʻānai maikaʻi lākou i ka hana ma nā huaʻōlelo ʻole.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, mau nā huaʻōlelo ʻole ma luna o nā mea hana nui āpau e kiʻi i kahi manaʻo o nā ʻano hana a hoʻohana ʻia i ka heluhelu ʻana; ka hoʻohālikelike me nā huaʻōlelo ʻelua i ka wikiwiki a me ka pololei hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono i nā kumumanaʻo i hoʻohana ʻia e ke kumuhana a ʻae iā ʻoe e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hana habilitation a i ʻole hoʻoponopono hou.

E makemake paha ʻoe e:

Hoʻomaka ka hana pākuʻi a hoʻopaʻa i ka Enter e huli

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