"E haʻi mai iaʻu i nā holoholona a pau i kou manaʻo i hoʻokahi minuke". ʻO kēia kahi hōʻike hoʻāʻo maʻamau o Maʻaʻano Semantic, i kēia manawa i nā paila like ʻole no ka makahiki ulu a me nā mākua (ʻO BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II e inoa i kekahi mau mea). Lawe ka hoʻāʻo e lawelawe (hoʻokahi minuke no ka mahele) a, no kēia kumu paha, hoʻohana nui ʻia i nā loiloi neuropsychological. Akā he aha ke ana pololei?

ʻOiaʻiʻo e hoʻokō kūleʻa i kahi hōʻike maʻalahi semantic pono pono e loaʻa kahi mea maikaʻi hale kūʻai lexical a me semantic mai kahi e huki ai i nā huaʻōlelo kūpono. ʻO ka waihona wale nō, ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole lawa. Pono mākou e hoʻohui i ka hiki o komo i loko me ka maʻalahi o ka maʻalahi

ʻO kekahi mea nui ʻē aʻe o ka kou akamai e hānai ʻia: aia kekahi mau mea, i ʻike ʻia i kahi ʻekeke (e laʻa: "lele"), e hoʻomau me nā mea o ka papa like ("wasp", "hornet", "bee") ma mua o ka holo ʻana a neʻe i kahi set o nā holoholona me nā ʻano like ("parrot", "pigeon", "ʻaeto"); aia kekahi, no ka laʻana, makemake e hoʻohana i kahi hoʻolālā phonological ("ʻīlio", "canary", "hummingbird", "cormorant", "crocodile").


Pono ʻoe e mālama i loko hoʻomanaʻo nā pane i hāʻawi ʻia i mua e pale i ka hana hou.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, no ka mea maʻa mau nā hōʻike hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻelua mau mahele semantic (e laʻa me, "ʻAi" a me "Animals") a ʻelua mau waeʻano phonological (ʻo kahi laʻana, "Words hoʻomaka me S" a me "Words hoʻomaka me F") pono e lawa makana o kohoʻia i mea e paʻa ʻole ai i loko o kahi subgroup o ka mahele like (e laʻa me ka hiki ʻole ke ʻōlelo i kahi mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o nā kolo no ka mahele "Animals") a i ʻole i ka paukū mai kahi hōʻike i kahi ʻē aʻe (hiki, no ka laʻana, kēlā kekahi mau keiki a me nā mākua, i ka hōʻike "E haʻi mai iaʻu i nā huaʻōlelo āpau e hoʻomaka me S" e hoʻomau i ka ʻōlelo ʻana i nā holoholona wale nō e like me "Snake", "Scorpio", a pēlā aku.

Mai kēia manaʻo, he hōʻike "haumia" loa ia ʻaʻole ia e ana i kahi hana kikoʻī, akā hoʻopili ʻia e ka pono (a i ʻole ka maikaʻi ʻole) o kekahi mau hana. Ua hoʻāʻo kekahi mau noiʻi ʻana, e like me ka ʻ Italiankālia na Reverberi a me nā hoapili [1], e ʻike i nā mea ʻāpana i loko o ka hōʻike maʻalahi semantic a me ke ala e hiki ai i kēia mau mea ke hōʻike iā lākou iho i nā ʻano ʻano maʻi (mai ʻO ka maʻi o Alzheimer i nā ʻano like ʻole o Progressive Aphasia Kumumua).

No laila no ke aha e hoʻohana ai ia? ʻO ka mea mua no ka mea, i ka makua, Hiki i nā pathologies degenerative ke hōʻike mua iā lākou iho me ka hoʻēmi o ka hale waihona lexical-semantic a me / a i ʻole ke kiʻi pili. No laila loaʻa iā mākou kahi hoʻokolohua i hiki ke lawelawe ʻia i kahi manawa pōkole i hiki ke hāʻawi iā mākou i kahi ʻike mua e pili ana i ke kūlana olakino o kēia mea ʻōlelo. Eia kekahi, no ka poʻe mākua, ua hoʻomohala ʻia nā hoʻokolohua paʻakikī hou aku, i hōʻike nui ʻia no ka poʻe i loaʻa kahi kula kiʻekiʻe, e like me nā ʻano kuʻina o Costa a me nā hoa hana [2]. Eia kekahi, ʻoiai he paʻakikī loa e ʻike i nā pūnaewele lesional e hoʻomaka ana mai kēia hōʻike, ʻike mākou i ka nui o nā paʻakikī i nā ʻōlelo waha phonological e pili ana i ka ʻino o mua, ʻoiai hoʻopili kahi helu liʻiliʻi o nā pane i nā ʻano semantic me nā ʻino e pili ana i ka lobe kūlohelohe [3].

ʻia ....................

[1] ʻO Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. Semantic maʻalahi: ke kumu noʻonoʻo a me ka hana diagnostic i nā dementias focal a me ka maʻi ʻo Alzheimer. Cortex. 2014 Mei; 54: 150-64. hana: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. ʻO ke kūlana maʻamau a me nā ʻike normative i loaʻa i ka heluna Italia no kahi mea kani waha hou, ka hoʻāʻo hoʻomaʻamaʻa hou phonemic / semantic. Neurol Sci. 2014 Malaki; 35 (3): 365-72. hana: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] ʻO Henry, JD, & Crawford, JR (2004). ʻO kahi Meta-Analytic Review o Verbal Fluency Performance ma hope o Focal Cortical lesions. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284-295.

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