I ke kanaka makua, loaʻa ka disgraphia (a i ʻole agraphia) ka hapa a i ʻole ka lilo o ka hiki ke kākau. Hana ʻia ia ma hope o ka hōʻeha o ka lolo (hahau, poʻo poʻo) a me nā maʻi neurodegenerative. ʻOiai nā mea e pili ana i ke kaʻina o ke kākau ʻana he nui (ka ʻike o nā leka, ka hoʻomanaʻo hana e hoʻomanaʻo iā lākou, ka hiki ke hana i nā leka) a me nā mea hou aku, aia nā ʻano like ʻole o ka agraphy ka mea i hiki ke kumu mai nā “kikowaena” (no laila ka linguistic aaioee) a me ka “peripheral” (ʻaʻole linguistic, e like me micrography ma Parkinson) mau pilikia. ʻOiai ka haʻalele hiki iā ia ke kumu i nā pilikia kākau.

ʻO kahi loiloi hou e Tiu and Carter (2020) [1] kōkua iā mākou e lawe i ke kauoha ma waena o nā ʻano agraphy.

Aia nā agraphics "maʻemaʻe" kahi i hoʻokau ʻole ʻia ai kekahi ʻaoʻao ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe a me nā ʻaoʻao praxic i waho o ka kākau ʻana. Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā agraphias maʻemaʻe i agraphy linguistic maemae ('ōlelo a me ka heluhelu pono' ana, ka kākau lima 'ana, akā maʻa mau nā hemahema o nā phonological a me nā lexical) a me ka apraxic agraphy maemae (ʻo ka ʻōlelo a me ka heluhelu pono ʻana, hōʻino ʻia ka kākau lima, paʻakikī i ka hana ʻana i nā praxis wale nō e pili ana i ke kākau ʻana). ʻIke nō, ma waena o kēia mau pou ʻelua, aia paha nā cadres huikau me nā kuʻikahi ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua.


E pili ana i ke ʻano o ka aphasia hiki iā mākou ke:

ʻO Agraphy i ka aphasia maikaʻi ʻoleHōʻike ka mea kākau i nā ʻano o ka aphasia; he kaupalena ʻia ka hana ʻana a aia kekahi mau hemahema o nā leka. Maikaʻi pinepine ka kākau lima a aia ka agrammatism.
ʻO Agraphy i ka aphasia maʻalahiI kēia pū, hōʻike ke kākau i nā ʻano o ka aphasia; hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o nā huaʻōlelo i hana ʻia me neologism. Hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia nā mea Grammatical me ka mahalo i nā inoa.
ʻO Agraphy i ka aphasia conductionAia kekahi mau haʻawina e pili ana i kēia; kuhikuhi kekahi o lākou, ʻoiai ma ke kākau ʻana, i ka hanana o ka "conduit dʻapproche" i loaʻa i ka ʻōlelo i haʻi ʻia.

Loaʻa nā pono hana i ke kauka e hoʻomaopopo ai i ke ʻano o ka aphasia:

  • La calligraphy (hōʻailona marker o ka pono apraxic agrafia)
  • Il haole (hoʻoholo i ka agraphy linguistic, akā ʻaʻole ma ka apraxic)
  • La copia (kahi kākau e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke kope e hōʻike i kahi hōʻino nui aʻe o ka pae ʻōlelo)
  • Nā ʻano kākau ʻē aʻe (ʻo kahi laʻana ma ke kamepiula a i ʻole kelepona uila) hiki ke hoʻokalakala i nā pilikia kikoʻī o kahi ʻano hana
  • Kākau o ʻaʻole ʻōlelo: ʻae e hoʻokaʻawale i ka pae o ka hōʻino, ke kikoʻī inā ua hoʻopili ʻia ka pae sublexical

ʻia ....................

Tiu JB, Carter AR. Agraphia. 2020 Jul 15. I: StatPearls [Pūnaewele]. Ka Waihona Mokupuni (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021

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