No ka manawa lōʻihi i kēia manawa ua maʻa mākou i ka hoʻolohe ʻana e pili ana iā COVID-19 i kēlā me kēia lā (a pololei pēlā), e pili ana i nā pilikia hanu e hiki ai ke hana, a hiki i nā make kaulana.

ʻOiai ʻo nā pilikia maʻamau ka hopohopo nui ʻana i ka fiva, ka puʻu a me ka paʻakikī i ka hanu ʻana, aia kekahi ʻano i haʻi iki ʻia akā no ia mea he nui nā noiʻi: nā hemahema ʻike.

Ke alo, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, o anosmia (nalo o ka honi) a me ageusia (nalo o ka ʻono) ua kia nui i ka nānā hiki paha i ka maʻi ke hoʻopili a pili ʻole paha i ka ʻōnaehana waena pū kekahi.


Hāʻawi ʻia, e like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia aʻe nei, kake kū nui o nā noiʻi i loiloi i ke kū ʻana o ka hemahema o ka ʻike i ka poʻe i hoʻopilikia ʻia e COVID-19, kahi hui o ka poʻe akeakamai i alakaʻi i kahi loiloi o nā puke i kēia manawa e pili ana i ke kumuhana e hōʻuluʻulu i ka ʻike ʻike hou loa e loaʻa nei[2].

He aha ka mea i kū mai?

ʻOiai me nā palena he nui e pili ana i ka heterogeneity o ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia i kahi manawa (e laʻa me nā ʻokoʻa i nā hoʻokolohua ʻike i hoʻohana ʻia, nā ʻokoʻa o nā laʻana no nā ʻano maʻi ...), i nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia aʻe nei. manual[2] hōʻike ʻia nā ʻikepili hoihoi:

  • ʻO ka pākēneka o nā mea maʻi me nā kīnā ʻole ma ka pae noʻonoʻo e kūlike loa ia, me ka pākēneka e loli (e pili ana i nā noiʻi i lawe ʻia) mai ka palena iki o 15% a i ka maximum 80%.
  • ʻO nā hemahema pinepine e pili ana i ka domain attentional-executive akā aia kekahi mau noiʻi e hiki ai ke loaʻa nā mnemonic, linguistic a me nā visual-spatial deficits.
  • I ka laina me ka ʻikepili moʻokalaleo mua[1], no nā kumu o ka kānana noʻonoʻo honua, ʻoiai no nā mea maʻi me COVID-19 ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka MoCA ma mua o ka MMSE.
  • I ke alo o COVID-19 (ʻoiai me nā ʻōuli akahai), hoʻonui ʻia ka likelike o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hemahema i ka noʻonoʻo ma 18 mau manawa.
  • ʻOiai ma hope o 6 mau mahina o ka hoʻōla ʻana mai COVID-19, ma kahi o 21% o nā mea maʻi e hoʻomau e hōʻike i nā hemahema ʻike.

Akā pehea e hiki ai i kēia mau hemahema āpau?

I ke aʻo ʻana i hōʻuluʻulu wale ʻia, papa inoa nā mea noiʻi ʻehā mau ʻano hiki.

  1. Hiki i ka maʻi ke hōʻea i ka CNS ma o ka pale o ka lolo a me / a i ʻole ma o ka lawe axonal ma o nā neurons olfactory; alakaʻi kēia i ka neuronal hōʻino a me ka encephalitis
  1. ʻO ka hōʻino i nā kīʻaha koko lolo a me nā coagulopathies e hana i nā maʻi ischemic a i ʻole hemorrhagic
  1. ʻO nā pane ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana nui loa, "cytokine storm" a me nā maʻi ʻōiwi peripheral e hoʻopili ana i ka lolo
  1. ʻO ka ischemia ākea ma ke kula kiʻekiʻe i ka hanu ʻole, ka mālama ʻana i ka hanu a me nā maʻi i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo respiratory respiratory depress

hopena a

Pono e noʻonoʻo ʻo COVID-19 anche no nā hemahema noʻonoʻo hiki ke kumu, ma luna o nā mea āpau no ka mea pinepine pinepine kēia mau mea a pili i ka poʻe i loaʻa i nā ʻano o ka maʻi me nā ʻōuli akahai, e hoʻomanaʻo pū ana i ka hoʻomau mau o nā kuʻina neuropsychological i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua.

E hoihoi paha iā ʻoe:

KANAKA

Hoʻomaka ka hana pākuʻi a hoʻopaʻa i ka Enter e huli

kikowaena: Maʻiʻo ua hoomaluia !!